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Home > Healthcare Careers > Radiologic Technology > Radiation Therapist

Discover a Career in Radiation Therapy

What does a Radiation Therapist do?

Radiation oncology employs ionizing radiation to destroy cancerous tumors while sparing surrounding tissue. The radiation therapist administers the radiation to the patient.

What might a Radiation Therapist do in a workday?

Radiation therapists:

  • assist in localizing tumors.
  • participate in treatment and planning.
  • deliver high doses of ionizing radiation as prescribed by the radiation oncologist.
  • serve as the primary liaison between patients and other members of the radiation oncology team.
  • must maintain a high degree of accuracy and awareness of safety issues.

Developing a Career as a Radiation Therapist

Most radiation therapists work in hospitals. Some work in private offices, public health and government facilities, or cancer treatment centers.

How much salary do Radiation Therapists make?

Average Salary Range

How do I become a Radiation Technologist?

Students intending to pursue a career as a radiation therapist should prepare by taking the most challenging high school courses available in science, math and English.

High school graduation (or a GED) is required for entry into a two-year or four-year radiation therapy program. A one-year program is available for individuals who have graduated from an accredited radiography program. Many employers also require certification by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists.

Where else can I learn about becoming a Radiation Therapist?

Professional Associations:

Virginia Society of Radiologic Technologists
P.O Box 1114
Salem, VA 24153
(540) 355-6778

American Society of Radiologic Technologists
15000 Central Avnue. S.E.
Albuquerque, NM 87123-3909
(505) 298-4500
(800) 444-2778

American Society for Radiation Oncology
8280 Willow Oaks Corporate Drive
Suite 500
Fairfax, VA 22031
(703) 502-1550

American College of Radiation Oncology
5272 River Road
Suite 630
Bethesda, MD 20816
(301) 718-6515

State License Requirements for Radiation Therapists

A license is required to practice as a radiation therapist in the state of Virginia. For more information on licensure, applications and forms, visit

Virginia Board of Medicine
Perimeter Center
9960 Mayland Drive
Suite 300
Henrico, VA  23233
Phone: (804) 786-0370

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